The United Nations has hailed India and China for their leadership role and strong commitment in fighting climate change at a time when "others are failing". Established on June 15, 1964, the group today has 134 members including India, the world's third largest emitter of greenhouse gases.India had in 2016 joined the Paris agreement on tackling climate change. UN chief Guterres had on May 31 last year warned world leaders that the impact of climate change could affect food production, water security and weather patterns "from Canada to India". Two days later, US President Donald Trump
had announced America's withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. The Paris Climate Agreement is a pact within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change dealing with greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.